Dictionary Of Woodworking Terms
(Courtesy of Woodcraft.com )
Adze-An axe type tool that has a curved handle that is mounted 90° to the blade. Adzes are used in rough dressing, shipbuilding and wheelwrights’ shops.
Auger-Twisted boring tool bit used for timbers, used in a brace augers range from 20 – 25″ long and 1/2 – 2″ in diameter.
Axe-Tool used for rough cutting and splitting, wooden handles range from 14 – 36″. Most axes have a head that tapers from the heel to the cutting edge.
Back iron-The covering iron that is attached to a plane chisel to minimize tearing out the grain, the closer to the cutting edge it is set the sooner the shaving is broken off which results in a smoother finish.
Back-saw-Name applied to any saw that has reinforcing metal applied to the top of the blade to keep it straight.
Bandsaw-A machine that has a continuous blade that has teeth on one edge and travels across two or three wheels most bandsaws have a tilting table for cutting bevels
Bayonet saw-A saber saw with a tapered toward the front blade that can be angled into the work, thus starting its own hole
Bead plane-A molding plane for cutting beading or a decorative edge
Belt sander-A sander that has a revolving continuous sanding belt that is passed over the work, the machine must be kept moving as the belt will remove material quite quickly and if the machine is allowed to remain stationary, too much material will be removed
Bevel-An edge that is other than 90°
Bevel-edge chisel-A chisel with the blade beveled to help remove waste
Bevel,sliding-Tool with an adjustable blade for marking and checking angles
Biscuit jointer-Power tool that is used to cut slots into which biscuits or plates are placed for strengthening joints
Block plane-A small metal plane most have an adjustment for setting the depth of cut